Jun 25, 2024

The Journey of Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG): From Demos to Production

A Deep Dive into the Transition from Simple RAG Demonstrations to Complex Production Implementations

RAG for Enterprises, RAG for companies, Production RAG, Advanced RAG

Retrieval Augmented Generation (RAG) is a powerful technique that allows enterprises to harness the capabilities of large language models (LLMs). While it’s relatively easy to demonstrate RAG’s potential, transitioning from a demo to a production environment can be quite challenging. Let’s delve into why this is the case and how these challenges can be overcome.

The Ease of RAG Demos

RAG’s simplicity and the availability of supportive frameworks make it easy to demonstrate its capabilities.

Simple Architecture

The basic RAG pipeline consists of a few key components: a vector database, source chunking, vector matching, and an LLM interface. This simplicity makes it easy for engineers to understand and implement the architecture.

Availability of Frameworks

Frameworks like Langchain and LLamaIndex simplify the process even further. They come with built-in support for chunking, vector databases, and LLMs, allowing developers to build an RAG pipeline with just a few lines of code. The impressive language abilities of the LLMs mean that powerful demonstrations can be built quickly with RAG.

Types of RAG

One of the first things to consider when developing a RAG product for your organization is to think about the types of questions that emerge in that specific workflow and data you are building RAG for, and what type of RAG is likely to be required.

In RAG systems, we encounter two main types: simple (or naive) and complex. In practice, this is a classification of the types of questions you will have to tackle, and depending on your use case, it is likely to have scenarios where the same workflow or the same user will have both complex and simple RAG questions.

Simple RAG systems handle straightforward queries needing direct answers, such as a customer service bot responding to a basic question like ‘What are your business hours?’. The bot can retrieve a single piece of information in a single step to answer this question.

Complex RAG systems, in contrast, are designed for intricate queries. They employ multi-hop retrieval, extracting and combining information from multiple sources. This method is essential for answering complex questions where the answer requires linking diverse pieces of information which are found in multiple documents.

A multi-hop process enables RAG systems to provide comprehensive answers by synthesizing information from interconnected data points. For example, consider a medical research assistant tool. When asked a question like “What are the latest treatments for Diabetes and their side effects?” the system must first retrieve all the latest treatments from one data source or document, then make subsequent retrievals in another data source or document in the database to gather details about their side effects.

The Challenges of RAG in Production

While RAG demos are straightforward, using RAG in a production environment presents several challenges.

Correct but Not Comprehensive

While RAG can provide satisfactory responses to simpler questions, it often falls short when faced with more complex queries. Users may find the answers to be correct but not comprehensive, covering only basic aspects and not fully addressing their needs.

Source Requirements

For RAG to work effectively, the necessary knowledge sources must be added to the vector index. This requires significant effort to understand user requirements and build the index accordingly. Moreover, the index must be continually updated with current information.

Easy to Add, Difficult to Remove

Once a source is added to the index, it starts influencing the answers. This can lead to unreliable answers when multiple sources contain conflicting information.

Data Privacy

Quick RAG implementations often use an external LLM API such as OpenAI or Google. This means that an organization’s internal data is sent to the outside world, potentially creating data privacy issues.


As the index size grows, the time taken to select the right material for a query increases. This can be unacceptable for real-time use. Minimizing the number of chunks reduces latency.

Overcoming the Challenges

Overcoming these challenges involves building a more complex pipeline. Here are some techniques that can help:

  • Re-ranking: This involves re-ordering the retrieved documents based on their relevance to the query.
  • Knowledge Graph: A knowledge graph can be used to store and retrieve structured and semi-structured data.
  • Internal Models: These are models that are trained on an organization’s internal data.
  • Trust Layers: These are additional layers of verification to ensure the reliability of the information.

Decision pointsOpen-Source LLMClose-Source LLM
AccessibilityThe code behind the LLM is freely available for anyone to inspect, modify, and use. This fosters collaboration and innovation.The underlying code is proprietary and not accessible to the public. Users rely on the terms and conditions set by the developer.
CustomizationLLMs can be customized and adapted for specific tasks or applications. Developers can fine-tune the models and experiment with new techniques.Customization options are typically limited. Users might have some options to adjust parameters, but are restricted to the functionalities provided by the developer.
Community & DevelopmentBenefit from a thriving community of developers and researchers who contribute to improvements, bug fixes, and feature enhancements.Development is controlled by the owning company, with limited external contributions.
SupportSupport may come from the community, but users may need to rely on in-house expertise for troubleshooting and maintenance.Typically comes with dedicated support from the developer, offering professional assistance and guidance.
CostGenerally free to use, with minimal costs for running the model on your own infrastructure, & may require investment in technical expertise for customization and maintenance.May involve licensing fees, pay-per-use models or require cloud-based access with associated costs.
Transparency & BiasGreater transparency as the training data and methods are open to scrutiny, potentially reducing bias.Limited transparency makes it harder to identify and address potential biases within the model.
IPCode and potentially training data are publicly accessible, can be used as a foundation for building new models.Code and training data are considered trade secrets, no external contributions
SecurityTraining data might be accessible, raising privacy concerns if it contains sensitive information & Security relies on the communityThe codebase is not publicly accessible, control over the training data and stricter privacy measures & Security depends on the vendor's commitment
ScalabilityUsers might need to invest in their own infrastructure to train and run very large models & require leveraging community experts resourcesCompanies often have access to significant resources for training and scaling their models and can be offered as cloud-based services
Deployment & Integration ComplexityOffers greater flexibility for customization and integration into specific workflows but often requires more technical knowledgeTypically designed for ease of deployment and integration with minimal technical setup. Customization options might be limited to functionalities offered by the vendor.
10 ponits you need to evaluate for your Enterprise Usecases

At Fluid AI, we stand at the forefront of this AI revolution, helping organizations kickstart their AI journey and providing production ready RAG systems available to organizations. If you’re seeking a solution for your organization, look no further. We’re committed to making your organization future-ready, just like we’ve done for many others.

Take the first step towards this exciting journey by booking a free demo call with us today. Let’s explore the possibilities together and unlock the full potential of AI for your organization. Remember, the future belongs to those who prepare for it today.

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